Glossary of Middle-earth - B

This page was last updated 04/24/99 16:59 EST.


As is stated in The Book of Lost Tales, Volume 2, page 214, this "was a city of Men, and more rightly Babylon, but such is the Gnomes' name as they now shape it, and they got it from Men aforetime."

Bad Uthwen

The hidden passage to Gondolin through which Túrin reached the city. It also was the secret escape route used by Tuor and Idril to lead a large host of Gondothlim in attempt to escape the city's destruction.

Bag End

The area in the Shire in which Bilbo Baggins lived. Bilbo's house was referred to as Bag End, Underhill.

Baggins (family name)

One of the well-off and respected families of Hobbits in the Shire. As far as the records in the Red Book show, the family went back to 1167 (2767 King's Reckoning), starting with Balbo Baggins.

Baggins, Angelica

Daughter of Ponto Baggins, born in 1381 SR. A young Baggins at the time of Bilbo's departure. She was given a round convex mirror by Bilbo because she thought herself very comely.

Baggins, Balbo

Born in 1167, married Berylla Boffin. Father of Mungo, Pansy, Ponto, Largo and Lily Baggins. The great-grandfather of Bilbo. This name replaced Inigo Baggins (2).

Baggins, Belba

Daughter of Mungo Baggins, born in 1256 SR. Married Rudigar Bolger. Died in 1356.

Baggins, Bilbo

Born September 22, 1290 (2890 King's Reckoning), son of Bungo Baggins and Belladonna Took. In 1341 (2941 KR) he went with Torin and Co. to Erebor. He came across the Ring in Moria, and forced Gollum to show him the way out since Bilbo had won the Riddle Game. At Erebor, he stole a golden cup from Smaug's chamber, which caused him to attack the Town onf the Lake. He discovered the fault in Smaug's armor which allowed Bard to slay the dragon. He took very little part in the Battle of Five Armies, and returned soon after. He was afterwards was called by some 'Mad Baggins'. In 1401, upon his 111th birthday, he gave the Ring and his mithril coat to his nephew Frodo and went to dwell at Imladris. He spent his time there translating books of lore from the Elvish to the Common Speech, and writing the Red Book. He left Imladris two years after the destruction of the Ring, in 1421, and went to the Grey Havens. He is the oldest Hobbit on record, aged 131 years and 7 days on Sept. 29, 1421 (3021 KR) when he passed over the Sea.

Baggins, Bingo (1)

The son of Bilbo Baggins and Primula Brandybuck in an early version of The Fellowship of the Rings.

Baggins, Bingo (2)

The cousin of Bilbo in an early version of The Fellowship of the Rings. Became Frodo Baggins in the published version.

Baggins, Bingo (3)

The grandfather of Drogo Baggins. The name was replaced by Largo Baggins.

Baggins, Bingo (4)

Son of Mungo Baggins, born in 1264. Married Chica Chubb. Father of Falco Chubb-Baggins. He died in 1360 SR.

Baggins, Bungo

Son of Mungo Baggins, born in 1246. Married Belladonna Took. The father of Bilbo Baggins. He died in 1326 SR.

Baggins, Daisy

Daughter of Dudo Baggins, born in 1350 SR. Married Griffo Boffin.

Baggins, Dora

Daughter of Fosco Baggins, born in 1302 SR. Sister of Drogo Baggins, thus being an aunt of Frodo Baggins. She was the eldest surviving relative of Bilbo, being 99, at the time of his 111th birthday. She was left a large wastepaper basket in Bilbo's will since she had written much good advice for over 50 years. She died in 1406. This name replaced Semolina Baggins (2).

Baggins, Drogo

Son of Fosco Baggins, born in 1308. Married Primula Brandybuck. Father of Frodo Baggins. He and his wife were drowned in the Baranduin River in 1380 when Frodo was only a child.

Baggins, Dudo

Son of Fosco Baggins, born in 1311 SR. Father of Daisy Baggins. He died in 1409.

Baggins, Faramond

This name replaced Frodo Baggins in some early versions of The Fellowship of the Ring.

Baggins, Folco

This name replaced Frodo Baggins in some early versions of The Fellowship of the Rings.

Baggins, Fosco

Son of Largo Baggins, born in 1264. Married Ruby Bolger. Father of Dora, Drogo and Dudo Baggins. He died in 1360. This name replaced Togo Baggins.

Baggins, Frodo

Born on September 22, 1368 (2968 KR) son of Drogo Baggins and Primula Brandybuck. Both his parents were drowned in the Baranduin River while he was still young. He later became Bilbo's heir, whereupon he went to live in Bag End. In 1401, he was left the Ring, the mithril coat, and Sting, when Bilbo went to Imladris. On September 23, 3018, he left Bag End with Samwise Gamgee, Meriadoc Brandybuck, and Peregrin Took, to destroy the Ring. He was wounded by a knife of the Nazgûl on Weathertop on October 6. At the Council of Elrond, he offered to be the Ringbearer, and was accepted as thus. He was allowed to look into the Mirror of Galadriel, and glimpsed the Eye. He and Samwise left the Fellowship after he was attacked by Boromir because of the Ring. He met Gollum in the Emyn Muil, and allowed him to travel with them. They met and befriended Faramir in Ithilien. Frodo was betrayed by Gollum and poisoned by Shelob in Cirith Ungol on March 13, 3019. They reached the Crack of Doom on March 25, 3019, and Frodo came completely under the power of the Ring. He was, however, immediately attacked by Gollum, who bit off his ring finger and fell into Orodruin, destroying himself, the Ring, and Sauron. This earned him the pseudonym 'Frodo of the Nine Fingers'. He took little part in the Battle of Bywater in the Shire, and slowly became less famous than the other Hobbits of the Company. He finished the Red Book. Frodo felt the effects of his poisonings by the Nazgûl wound and Shelob's bite on the anniversary of the events for the next 2 years. He went to the Grey Havens, and on Sept. 21, 3021, left Middle-earth. Was called Bingo Baggins (2) in early versions of The Fellowship of the Ring.

Baggins, Inigo (1)

A contemporary Hobbit of Bilbo Baggins. He was given a case of hairbrushes by Bilbo when he left the Shire. Inigo only appeared in first version of The Fellowship of the Rings and was immediately deleted from the text.

Baggins, Inigo (2)

The great-grandfather of Bilbo Baggins. This name was replaced by Balbo Baggins.

Baggins, Largo

Son of Balbo Baggins, born in 1220. Married Tanta Hornblower. Father of Drogo Baggins, he died in 1312. This name replaced Bingo Baggins (3).

Baggins, Lily

Daughter of Balbo Baggins, born in 1222. She married Togo Goodbody, and died in 1312 SR.

Baggins, Linda

Daughter of Mungo Baggins, born in 1262. She married Bodo Proudfoot, and was the mother of Odo Proudfoot. She died in 1363.

Baggins, Longo

Son of Mungo Baggins, born in 1260. He married Camellia Sackville, and was the father of Otho Sackville-Baggins. He died in 1363.

Baggins, Mad

A character of legend in the Shire, born out of Bilbo's disappearance at his 111th birthday party. Mad Baggins was said to vanish witha bang and a flash, and reappear with bags of jewels and gold.

Baggins, Mungo

Son of Balbo Baggins, born in 1207. He married Laura Grubb, and fathered Bungo, Belba, Longo, Linda and Bingo Baggins. He died in 1300 SR.

Baggins, Pansy

Daughter of Balbo Baggins, born in 1212. Married Fastolph Bolger.

Baggins, Peony

Daughter of Posco Baggins, born in 1350. Married Milo Burrows, and was the mother of Mosco, Moro, Myrtle and Minto Burrows.

Baggins, Polo

Son of Ponto Baggins, and was the father of Posco and Prisca Baggins.

Baggins, Ponto

Son of Balbo Baggins, born in 1216. He married Mimosa Bunce, and fathered Rosa and Polo Baggins.

Baggins, Porto

Son of Posco Baggins, born in 1348.

Baggins, Posco

Son of Polo Baggins, born in 1302. Married Gilly Brownlock. Father of Ponto, Porto and Peony Baggins.

Baggins, Prisca

Daughter of Polo Baggins, born in 1306. She married Wilibald Bolger.

Baggins, Rosa (1)

An aunt of Bilbo Baggins in early versions of The Fellowship of the Rings.

Baggins, Rosa (2)

Daughter of Ponto Baggins, born in 1256. She married Hildigrim Took and was the mother of Adalgrim Took. A cousin of Bilbo Baggins in the published version of The Fellowship of the Rings.

Baggins, Semolina (1)

An aunt of Bilbo Baggins who received a wastebasket upon his departure for Imladris because she often wrote letters containing good advice.

Baggins, Semolina (2)

An aunt of Bingo Baggins (2) in early versions of The Fellowship of the Rings. This name was replaced by Dora Baggins.

Baggins, Togo

The father of Drogo Baggins. This name was changed to Fosco Baggins.

Bagshot Row

The place in the Shire where Bilbo Baggins and the Gamgees lived. Bilbo's house was Number 3, Bagshot Row.


The son of Bard who became the King of Dale after his father's death in 2977. Father of Brand.

Bair am Yru

The dwellings of the Galadrim in an early version of The Fellowship of the Ring. This was almost immediately rejected.

Bair Nestad (Bair Nestedriu)

See Berin a Nestad.


The name of Bëor the Old before he took service with Finrod.

Balar, Bay of

The Bay into which the Sirion flowed. The Isle of Balar is said to have been a piece of the land which Ulmo brought across the Sea to be Tol Eressëa. Círdan and Gil-galad dwelt on this Isle after the Nirnaeth Arnoediad.


An Orc slain by Tuor in the battle at Gondolin.


The elder son of Brego. At the feast commemorating the completion of Medulseld in 2570, he drained the horn, and made the rash vow to walk the Paths of the Dead. He climbed the Stair of the Hold, reached the entrance, and saw an elderly stone-like Man sitting on the threshold. The Man told Baldor that "The way is shut", until the time comes, then fell on his face and died. Baldor then passed into the entrance and was never seen alive again. As Aragorn later found, he made it into the cave, but could not unlock the door leading further inwards, and perished there. This name replaced Bealdor.


A Norse god, also spelled Balder. This name appears only in the first version of the carrying of Théoden and Éowyn from the battlefield to Minas Tirith.


A Dwarf of Durin's Folk. Son of Fundin, brother of Dwalin. He was in the company of Thorin II Oakenshield on his journey to reclain Erebor in The Hobbit. Balin, in 2989 Third Age, went to reclaim Moria with Ori and Óin, and became Lord of Moria that year. However, in 2994 TA, he went to look in the Mirrormere and was shot by an Orc. His tomb was seen by the Fellowship in The Lord of the Rings.


Meaning 'Demon of Might' in Sindarin, it is Valarauko in Quenya. These were lesser Maiar drawn to, and corrupted by, the power of Melkor. They were described as being of fire but also of darkness, having whips and a sword of flame and claws of steel, and iron armour. They were immortal, in the sense of the Maiar, but were capable of pain and fear. Originally, Tolkien wrote that a horde existed, but later said that at most seven ever existed. Also called Malarauki. The Balrog of Moria awoke in 1980 Third Age, the year it slew King Durin IV, and the year after, it slew his son Náin I. For this reason, the Dwarves called it Durin's Bane. This same Balrog was the one Gandalf fought and killed on January 25, 3019, though he himself was also killed.


The bow of Beleg, made from a black yew tree. The name was later changed to Belthronding.


The father of Blodrin the traitor, who informed the Orcs of the refuge of Túrin. Also called Bor (1).


The name of several families of Hobbits dwelling in Bree.

Banks, Eglantine

Married Paladin II Took. The mother of Pearl, Pimpernel, Pervinca and Peregrin I Took.

Banks, Willie

A Man of Bree. He was slain in Bree by Men under Saruman on their way to the Shire.


One of the trees of Gondolin shaped after the Two Trees. Bansil was made to resemble Telperion, and means 'Fairgleam.' It was known to the Eldar as Silpion. The trees, the other being Belthil, were destroyed at the same time as the destruction of the city itself.


Meaning 'Dark Tower', it was the abode of Sauron in Mordor. Sauron completed it around 1600 Second Age, and it stood until it was destroyed on March 25, 3019 (Third Age) at the destruction of the Ring. (It was leveled after the Last Alliance overthrew Sauron at the end of the Second Age, but the foundation still stood.) It was often spelled Baraddur in early versions of The Lord of the Rings.

Barad Eithel

Means 'Tower of the Well'. It was the fortress of the Noldor at Eithel Sirion.

Barad Nimras

Means 'White Horn Tower'. Also called the Tower of Tindobel, it was raised by Finrod to watch the western sea for armies of Melkor that may have attacked by that route. It was on the extreme west of Beleriand on the western cape of Eglarest.


Born in First Age 124, son of Bregolas, and nephew of Barahir. He was one of the 12 Bëornings who saved Finrod in the Dagor Bragollach. He was the father of Morwen. He was killed when Melko discovered the hidden lands of Beren in FA 160.

Barahir (1)

Originally planned to be the son of Bëor, he was born in First Age 102. He was the father of Beren. He was the leader of the 12 Bëornings who defended Finrod during the Dagor Bragollach. For this, Finrod gave to him his ring - it became later an heirloom of the house of Isildur, and was thereafter called the Ring of Barahir. He was often referred to as Barahir the Bold. However, when J.R.R. Tolkien revised the Seige of Angband to last from FA 51 to FA 255, he changed Barahir's birth date to 202, being the son of Bregolas.

Barahir (2)

The name of a messenger from Minas Tirith sent to Théoden. This name was replaced by Hirgon.

Barahir (3)

The eighth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Son of Hador, and father of Dior. Died in 2412.


Elder son of Bëor the Old.

Baranduin, River

Means 'The Golden Brown River'. The main river of the Shire, it separated Buckland from the rest of the Shire. As a pun on the meaning of the word, it is also called the Brandywine. Its early Hobbit-name was Branda-nîn, meaning 'Border-water', but was often referred to as Bralda-hîm, meaning 'Heady ale' in reference to its color. It was in early versions spelled Baranduinen, Branduin and an ephemeral name, Malevarn.


The Men of Harad, or Southrons.


The father of Berithil.

Barathil (Barithil)

See Berithil.


Dwarvish for Caradras, also shortened to Baraz.


Called the Bowman, he slew Smaug in The Hobbit. He then became King of Dale and was the leader of the Men at Erebor for the Battle of Five Armies.

Bard II

Son of Brand. He drove the enemy from Dale with Thorin III Stonehelm on in the Battle of Dale on March 27, 3019.


A term for the Men of Dale. Also called Brandings.


Means 'House of Ransom'. It was the name given by Mîm to his dwelling under Amon Rûdh when he allowed Túrin and his men to stay there in exchange for his life.

Barren Hill

See Death Down.

Barren Lands

The land around the Morannon.

Barrow Blade

The Elven-knife that Tom Bombadil gave to Frodo from the Barrow-wight's treasure.


Called Tyrn Gorthad by the Men of old. They were built during the First Age by the forefathers of the Edain before the crossing into Beleriand. When the Dúnedain returned to Middle-earth in the Second Age, they buried many of their dead there. It is said that the mound in which the Ringbearer was imprisoned was that of the last prince of Cardolan who died in the 1409 war against Angmar.


The place of burial of the Kings of the Mark.


Evil spirits who inhabited the Barrow-downs. They came to the Barrow-downs during the reign of King Argeleb II. They are possigbly the spirits of the Dúnedain of Cardolan who died during the plague of 1636, or those who fell in the war of 1409. They were also under the order of the King of the Nazgûl.

Bath of the Setting Sun

Translation from Faskalanúmen, it is also called Tanyasalpë, 'bowl of fire'. It is the bason in which the spilled waters of the Fruit of Noon (the Sun) are stored. It is here that the Sun is refreshed while the Moon holds the High Heavens.

Battle Gardens

A suggested name for Bagshot Row after its restoration after Saruman was slain.

Battle of Bywater

The confrontation in 3019 TA in the Shire between the Hobbits and Saruman's Men. In this battle, about 70 Men and 19 Hobbits died, 30 Hobbits were wounded, and 12 Men were taken prisoner. The slain Men were buried in the Battle Pit.

Battle of Dale

Took place in March, 3019. Brand of Dale was attacked by forces of Sauron, but was aided by Dáin II Ironfoot and the Dwarves of Erebor. They were driven back by the Easterlings, and both Kings were slain. Their sons, Bard II and Thorin III Stonehelm were besieged in Erebor, but were victorious when the news of Sauron's defeat reached them on March 27.

Battle of Dagorlad

Took place in 3434 SA. During this Battle, the Last Alliance defeated Sauron and laid seige to Barad-dûr.

Battle of Eldorest

The first Battle in the Wars of Beleriand. A host of Orcs issued forth from Angband around both sides of Doriath, cutting Thingol off from Círdan at Eldorest. Denethor and the Elves from Region aided in the fight, in which the Orcs were utterly defeated. However, Denethor was slain on Amon Ereb.

Battle of Five Armies

Occurred in 2941 Third Age at Erebor. The Goblins under Bolg and Wolves attacked the Men under Bard, the Elves under Thranduil, and Dwarves under Thorin II Oakenshield and Dain II Ironfoot. The Men, Elves and Dwarves were victorious.

Battle of (the Field of) Gorgoroth

Began in 3434 Second Age when the Last Alliance fought Sauron on Dagorlad, starting the Seige of Barad-dûr. It lasted until 3441 when Sauron was overthrown and the Ring taken by Isildur.

Battle of Greenfields

The last battle in the Shire before the Battle of Bywater, it took place in 2747 TA. An Orc-band was defeated in the Northfarthing by Bandobras Took.

Battle of Palisor

Soon after Men's awakening, the servant of Melko, Fákil (or Fangli), came among them. He corrupted many to the Darkness. Ermon's people alone fought alongside the Elves against the Dwarves and Men. This was the first of many battles between Elves and Dwarves.

Battle of Sudden Flame

The fourth Battle in the Wars of Beleriand, it is the translation of Translation of Dagor Bragollach.

Battle of the Field of Celebrant

Took place in 2510, when the Balchoth attacked Gondor, while Eorl and his people came to the aid of Gondor. Afterwards, Calenardhon was given to Eorl's people as a gift.

Battle of the Gods (1)

After the destruction of the Two Lamps by Melkor, the Valar fought against Thangorodrim, destroying it and most of its vile inhabitants. This caused the first changing of the world.

Battle of the Gods (2)

The battle of the West and the North. The Valar, hearing Eärendil's request that they forgive and Noldor and Men and aid them in their time of need, went against Melkor in Utumno. The entire host of Morgoth was marshalled, and though even Anfauglith did not contain enough space for the army, it was destroyed. All but a few Balrogs were destroyed, and the Orcs were almost rendered extinct. Those Men of the Elf-friends fought with the Valar, but many other Men fought on the side of Melkor. When his host was nearly destroyed, Morgoth sent out his winged dragons which had not been seen before. The Valar were driven back, but Eärendil came with Thorondor and the Eagles to the aid of the Valar. Eärendil himself slew Ancalagon whose body fell upon Thangorodrim, breaking the towers. Then the Valar entered Utumno and destroyed most of the dragons and laid bare most of the pits. Melkor was brought to Valinor chained in Angainor to be judged. He was outcast into the Void through the Door of Night. The battle caused much of Beleriand to be swallowed up by the Sea, and changed the courses of the rivers. It is also called the Great Battle and the War of Wrath.

Battle of the Peak

The fight between Gandalf and the Balrog of Moria. During this battle, Gandalf slew the Balrog, but later died of his wounds while alone on the peak (Celebdil). Gandalf was sent back from the West, and renamed Gandalf the White.

Battle of the Powers

Another name for the Battle of the Gods (1).

Battle of the Silent Pools

The fight at which Tulkas overcame Melko and chained him in Angainor.

Battle of Unnumbered Tears

The fifth Battle in the Wars of Beleriand. It is translated from Nirnaeth Arnoediad.

Battle of Wrath and Thunder

Also called the Last Battle (1), and the Battle Terrible, as well as the Battle of the Gods (1). It occurred in 250 First Age when the Valar went against Thangorodrim and destroyed it.

Battle Pit

The burial place of the Men of Saruman killed in the Battle of Bywater.

Battle Plain

See Dagorlad.


Translation of Dagor-nuin-Giliath, it was the second Battle in the Wars of Beleriand.

Bauglir (1)

An early name for the traitor of Túrin, who informed the Orcs of his hiding place. This name was later changed to Blodrin.

Bauglir (2)

Another, often sur-, name for Morgoth. This replaced the earlier forms of Belcha, Belegor, and Melegor. It means 'the Constrainer'.

Bay of Balar

Bay south of Beleriand into which Sirion flowed. The Isle of Balar is said to be part of Tol Eressëa, which broke off and remained in the Bay when Ulmo uprooted the island and moved it near Valinor. Círdan and Gil-galad dwelt on the Isle after the Nirnaeth Arnoediad.

Bay of Elfland

See Bay of Faërie.

Bay of Elvenhome

See Bay of Faërie.

Bay of Faërie (Faëry)

Bay off the shore of Tol Eressëa.

Baynes, Pauline

Woman who drew several of the maps of Middle-earth, and illustrated some others of Tolkien's books.


Built by the Númenóreans in Anórien to warn of war in Gondor. On March 5, 3019 Gandalf and Peregrin saw their lights warning of the attack on Minas Tirith. The are, in order west to east: Amon Dîn, Eilenach, Nardol, Erelas, Min-Rimmon, Calenhad and Halifirien.


An early name for Baldor.

Beardless Men

Translated from Mani Aroman, it was the original name for the Men of Rohan.

Bee of Azure

The star Nielluin, today called Sirius by Men.


An Ent who took part in the destruction of Isengard. He was burned to death by a spray of liquid fire.


An early name for Beleriand.


The Gnomish form of Palúrien. Also called Ifan Belaurin. Ifan translates to Yavanna, and Belaurin to Palúrien. The Pine of Palúrien is another name for the Two Trees.


The Gnomish form of Morgoth. Later became Belegor, Melegor, Bauglir (2), and Moeleg.

Belecthor I

Fifteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Son of Húrin II, and father of Orodreth. Died in 2655.

Belecthor II

Twenty-first Ruling Steward of Gondor. Son of Beregond, and father of Thorondir. At his death in 2872, the White Tree of Gondor also died, to be left standing 'until the King returns'.

Beleg (1)

A Noldo who was also called Cúthalion, meaning Strongbow. He brought Túor to Menegroth, becoming his foster-father. The two later took part in many skirmishes together. When, by the treachery of Mîm, the camp of Túrin was attacked and he was taken captive by Orcs, Beleg went in search of him. While in Tar-nu-Fuin, he met Gwindor, an escaped prisoner of Angband, who had been taken captive at the Battle of Unnumbered Tears. He told Beleg that he sighted a band of Orcs with a prisoner. The two found the band and Beleg shot all the wolf-sentinels. They then crept into the midst of the Orcs and carried Túrin from them. When Beleg stooped to cut the bonds of Túrin, the sword pricked his foot, wakening him. Beleg, thinking an Orc had come near him, seized the sword, Anglachel, from Beleg and slew him with it.

Beleg (2)

The 12th King of the Northern Realm, 2nd in Arthedain. Son of Amlaith. Father of Mallor, he died in 1029.


Means 'The Great Sea'. Refers to the sea between Middle-earth and Valinor. Also called the Western Sea and the Great Water. This name replaced Belegar. In old Mannish, it was called Garsecg.


An early name for the Anduin River.


Early name for Melegor and Bauglir. It replaced Belcha.


Fourth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Son of Herion, and father of Húrin. He died in 2204.


Meaning 'Great Fortress', it was one of the 2 cities of the Dwarves in the Blue Mountains. It was called Gabilgathol in Khuzdul and translates to Mickleberg in English. It was previously called Ost Belegost.


Born in 128 First Age, son of Bregolas. Brother of Barahir, he was one of the 12 who fought with him during the Nirnaeth Arnoediad. He was the father of Rían, and was killed in FA 160 when Morgoth discovered the hideout of the 12 Bëornings.


The name given to all the lands west of the Blue Mountains, and north to Hithlum. It was the realm of the Noldor during the First Age, and was divided into East Beleriand and West Beleriand, as well as into separate 'kingdoms' ruled by various Noldor of importance. Thingol also had his halls in this region, in Doriath, and the Green-elves dwelt in Ossiriand in Beleriand's extreme east. It was here that Men first came into contact with the Elves. Beleriand was destroyed at the end of the First Age when the Valar came against Melko's stronghold at Utumno and changed the shape of the world.


A harbor in the west of Britain, from whence Ælfwine/Eriol set sail for Tol Eressëa.


The region in Gondor west of the mouth of the Anduin, bordering on the Bay of Belfalas. The city of Dol Amroth was built in this region. Early names were Ramathor and Ramathir. The Bay of Belfalas surrounded the Isle of Talfalas.


Means 'divine radiance'. The Tree in Gondolin shaped after Telperion. This name replaced the earlier Bansil.


The bow of Beleg which was buried with him. It was also called Balthronding.

Benish Armon

In an early manuscript of The Fellowship of the Ring, it is said that Gandalf was surer of finding his way in the dark of Moria than "the cat of Benish Armon." This was later changed to the cats of Queen Berúthiel


The Angle of Lothlórien.


In an early manuscript of The Fellowship, it appears that he is named as the Prince of Anárion. Howerver, Anárion is Christopher Tolkien's guess, because the word is illegible. In the early manuscript, he was one of the leaders of the Men who aided Minas Tirith. He does not appear in the published Fellowship.


Leader of the House of Bëor when they came acros the Blue Mountains and befriended the Noldor. This House was the first of Men to come in contact with the exiles. He was also called the Old, and was originally the father of Bregolas and Barahir. After J.R.R. Tolkien changed the Seige of Angband to last from First Age 51 to FA 255, it was necessary to add several generations between the Bëor and the birth of Barahir and Bregolas. His name was originally Balan, but he was called Bëor, meaning 'vassal', after he took up service with Finrod.

Beorn (1)

The uncle of Eriol and brother of Eoh (Eriol's father), whom he slew. Also called Hasen of Isenóra.

Beorn (2)

The shape-changer in The Hobbit. Took part in the Battle of Five Armies, in which he slew Bolg.


The Men of the House of Bëor, the first group of Men to have contact with the Elves. They are also called the First House of the Edain and the People of Bëor. Most often referred to are the 12 of this House, who were the only living members of this House after the Dagor Bragollach and were hunted by Melko. The twelve were: Beren, Dagnir, Ragnor, Radhruin, Dairuin, Gildor, Gorlim, Arthad, Urthel, Hathaldir the young, Belegund and Baragund.


Those Men of Middle-earth who were descended or related to Beorn.


Appears in The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm's Son, published in 1953 in Essays and Studies. This poem was written at the same time as a draft of Errantry in the 1930s. Errantry was recited by Bilbo in Rivendell.


A book written in Old English, about which J.R.R. Tolkien wrote On Translating Beowulf, and often gave lectures. This book had definite a influence on many parts of the tales of Middle-earth.

Bered Ondrath

The Causeway Towers Citadel.


The grandson of Baran. He was a leader of dissention among the Men of Estolad, and lead a group of people from Beleriand to Eriador.

Beregond (1)

Twentieth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Son of Beren, and father of Belecthor II. Defeated a horde of Orcs who besieged Gondor in 2758. During his reign, the War of the Dwarves and Orcs was fought in the Misty Mountains (2793-2799). The defeated Orcs fled Nanduhirion and crossed Rohan to dwell in the White Mountains. The Men of the area fought for years to dispell the Orcs. Beregond died in 2811.

Beregond (2)

Son of Baranor, father of Bergil. Guard of the Third Company of the Citadel in Minas Tirith. He befriended Peregrin. He killed the porter of the Closed Door of the Tombs, as well as two other guards in the Tombs defending the ill Faramir from his father Denethor II. Stunned by the Troll-chief in the battle on the Pelennor Fields while Peregrin, at his side, killed the chief. For spilling blood in the Tombs, he was ousted from the Guards by Elessar and sent to the Guard of Faramir in Ithilien.

Beren (1)

It was originally written that Beren was a Gnome, but Tolkien later wrote that he was of the House of Bëor. Son of Barahir, he was one of the 12 Bëornings who aided the escape of King Finrod during the Dagor Bragollach. He was the only one of the 12 to live, becoming a solitary outlaw. Later, he became lost in Doriath and beheld Lúthien, whom he called Tinúviel. The two fell in love, but Thingol forbade that they marry unless Beren could acquire a Silmaril from the Iron Crown of Morgoth. Beren set out to do this with the help of Finrod, the High King of the Noldor, and 10 others. They were discovered by Sauron and captured, and at times, a werewolf would devour one of them until they told Sauron who the leader and what their purpose was. Soon, all but Beren and Finrod were dead, and when the werewolf came for Beren, Finrod fought it, killing it, but died of his wounds. Lúthien and Huan fought Sauron and took control of Tol-in-Gaurhoth, then freeing Beren. Finally, with the help of Lúthien, he was able to cut a Silmaril from the Crown, but while attempting to cut a second, the knife splintered and a shard struck the sleeping Melkor, waking him. Thus, all in Angband who had been put under a spell by Lúthien were also awoken. Upon exiting from the tunnels of Angband, Carcharoth the wolf confronted them and bit off the hand of Beren that held the Silmaril. Lúthien healed his wound, and afterwards he was called Beren the One-Handed. When the party of Elves came upon Carcharoth in Doriath, the wolf sprang at King Thingol, but Beren stepped in front of the King, whereupon Carcharoth killed him. Lúthien too left her body and went to the halls of Mandos, whereupon she sang a song of mourning, moving Mandos, who appealed to Manwë. Beren was raised from the dead, being the only mortal granted this, and Lúthien with him. The Silmaril was recovered and Beren and Lúthien were wed. Afterwards, they dwelt on Tol Galen among no Men until they died. Dior, their son, became the heir of Thingol.

Beren (2)

A Man of Minas Tirith, this was the original name for Berithil.

Beren (3)

Nineteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Son of Egalmoth, and father of Beregond. During his rule, three fleets came from Umbar and Harad to assail Gondor. The Rohirrim were attacked simultaneously from the west and east, and were driven into the White Mountains. The Long Winter of 2758 occurred, bringing snow for about 5 months. His son Beregond defeated the invaders before spring and aided the Rohirrim. Beren welcomed Saruman and gave him the keys of Orthanc in 2759. Beren died in 2763.

Beren (4)

A descendant of Bëor, he was the father of Emeldir.


The son of Beregond, who befriended Peregrin. Found athelas for Aragorn to cure Faramir. This name replaced Gwinhir.


This name was replaced by Ettendales.

Berin a Nestad

The Houses of Healing. Early names were Bair Nestad, Bair Nestedriu and Edeb na Nestad.


This was an early name for Beregond. Earlier names were Barathil and Barithil.


The name of one of the Trolls who were turned to stone in The Hobbit.


A Queen. She and the case of her nine cats (all of whom she called "kitty") is the only thing referred to in the The Lord of the Rings that remains unidentified by the legends in all other works of Tolkien. The only other things not resolved were the names and adventures of the other two Istari.


A Man who fought in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad though he was a boy at the time. Túrin brought Nienor to his house after Nienor was charmed by Glaurung and was unable to remember anything of her past. Bethos' wife was supposedly a Noldo, making their son Tamar half-elven, in spite of the ater assertion that Eärendil was the only to be half-elven.

Better Smials

A suggested name for Bagshot Row after its restoration.

Bidding of the Minstrel, The

A poetic account of the voyage of Eärendel, written in 1914.


One of the 12 Dwarves who went with Thorin II Oakenshield to Erebor in 2941. Took part in the Battle of Five Armies, which occurred at the same time. He was the brother of Bofur and Bombur.

Big Folk (Big People)

Used by the Hobbits to refer to Men.

Bill the Pony

The pony bought from Bill Ferny in Bree after the Hobbits' ponies were stolen from the Prancing Pony. He went with the Fellowship as far as Moria, then was released. He returned to Bree alone and was returned to Samwise by Barliman Butterbur when the Hobbits returned afterwards to the Shire.


A Ythling, the only of that race to join the crew of Ælfwine/Eriol for the journey to Tol Eressëa. He was the only of the 8 to recall that the things that happened to them after they spied Tol Eressëa were real. His name was later changed to Gelimer.

Bitter Hills

The Iron Mountains.

Black Breath

A sickness caused by the Nazgûl, due to their power to affect those nearby and fill then with dread. Those with the sickness suffered from fear and evil dreams, and slowly sunk into death, unless cured with athelas.

Black Captain

Leader of the Nazgûl, who appeared around 2251 SA. He was known as the Witch-king of Angmar. In 1980 TA, he returned to Mordor, gathered the other Ringwraiths and captured Minas Ithil in 2002 after two years of fighting. On March 15, 3019, he broke the walls of Minas Tirith, which had never before had been passed by an enemy. He attacked and killed King Theoden, but was immediately attacked by Éowyn, who slew his steed. He attacked, and crushed her shield and shield-arm, but was stabbed by Meriadoc before he could kill her. She then thrust her sword into his face and he was, if not destroyed, diminshed greatly in power.

Black Country

Another name for Mordor.

Black Fleet

The Fleet of the Southrons captured by Aragorn at Pelargir. Aragorn and his troops sailed the Fleet back up the Anduin to Minas Tirith to take part in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.

Black Gate

The Morannon. Also called the North Gate, Ennyn Dûr, and the Gates of Mordor.

Black Gulf

Another name for Moria. Also called the Black Pit.

Black Hand

Used in reference to Sauron and his power. Also refers to Sauron's hand itself, which had only four fingers, the ring-finger having been cut off by Isildur after Sauron's defeat at the end of the Second Age.

Black Land

Another term for Mordor.

Black Mountains (1)

The Iron Mountains. The Black Mountain itself is Thangorodrim, the highest peak of this range.

Black Mountains (2)

The range separating Gondor from Rohan, the name was later replaced by the White Mountains. Also called the Mountains of the South, Ered Myrn, Eredvyrn, and Mornvenniath.

Black Númenóreans

Those Númenóreans who were corrupted by Sauron. Those in Middle-earth became lords among men, ruling by fear. Many were under Sauron's power during the Third Age, the Mouth of Sauron being one such example.

Black One

Another name for Sauron, used only once, by Gollum in reference to his order that Gollum find the One Ring.

Black Plain

Another name for Dor-na-Fauglith.

Black Pit

A translation of Moria.

Black Riders

The term for the Ringwraiths when they were upon horses. Other terms used were the Fell Riders and the Black Horsemen.

Blackroot, River (1)

An early name for the Silverlode. The name replaced the Redway.

Blackroot, River (2)

A river in Gondor which flowed from the Ered Nimrais to the Bay of Belfalas. Also called the Blackroot Vale, Vale of Blackroot and Morthond.

Black Sea

Along with the Mediterranean, it can be interpreted as the modern-day equivalent of the Inland Sea.

Black Shadow

Refers to the power of the Nazgûl that caused people to fall sick with the Black Breath and fall into an ever deeper dream of fear until they died.

Black Speech

A language devised by Sauron for the use of his servants. It was mostly unused, except for among some groups of Orcs stationed long in Mordor.

Black Stone

A term for the Stone of Erech.

Black Sword

Translation of Gurtholfin, it was Túrin's sword. It was renamed by him (its previous name being Anglachel) when he took it from Beleg after accidentally slaying him.


Translation from Mormegil, this was the name taken by Túrin after he accidentally slew Beleg.

Black Tower

A name for Barad-dûr. Also called the Dark Tower.

Blackwater, River

In Essex, England. It appears in the poem The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorthelm's Son.

Black Years

Those years after the Fall of Númenorë when Sauron had possession of the Ring and evil dominated Middle-earth.


A rejected name for Beleriand.


An early name for Ard-galen.


Meaning 'the wide earth', it was another Gnomish name for Yavanna.

Blasted Plain

Another name for Dor-na-Fauglith.

Blessed Land

Another term for Valinor. When used in the plural, it refers to both Valinor and Eressëa.

Blessed Realm

Another term for Valinor.


An early name for Caradhras.


The Noldo who betrayed the hiding place of Túrin's band to the Orcs. This name replaced Bauglir (1).

Blue Bee

See Bee of Azure.

Blue Mountains (1)

The mountain range on the easternmost borders of Beleriand. It was over these mountains that Men came into Beleriand and met with the exiles. The name in Sindarin is the Ered Luin.

Blue Mountains (2)

The range south of the Misty Mountains. The name was replaced by the Black Mountains.


A word meaning 'son of', it is used in a few names when the person proclaims himself as the son of his father. For names starting as such, see the name itself.


The ostler at the Prancing Pony in Bree.

Bodleian Library

A library in England where several of J.R.R. Tolkien's manuscripts are kept. Among these are: 1) an early draft of The Homecoming of Beorthnoth Beorthelm's Son, 2) the 3rd and 4th drafts of the inscription on the Gate of Moria, and, 3) a page of an early manuscript with a sketch of Cirith Ungol with a description of the tunnels there.


The Lord of the Indrafangs (Dwarves of Belegost). He was slain attempting to prevent Ulfedhin from killing Naugladur of Nogrod who wore the Nauglafring. Due to Ulfedhin's escape, it was thought that Bodruith had attempted to kill Naugladur, and thus the fights between the Dwarves of these cities broke out.


Captain of a horde of Orcs, he was slain by Thingol when the Orcs attacked Doriath.


A family of Hobbits in the Shire, living mainly north of Hobbiton.

Boffin, Berylla

Wife of Balbo Baggins. Mother of Mungo, Pansy, Ponto, Largo and Lily Baggins.

Boffin, Folco (1)

A name for Frodo Baggins, used only briefly in the early manuscripts.

Boffin, Folco (2)

Hobbit of Frodo's age with whom he spent many hours in Bilbo's house listening to tales.

Boffin, Fosco

A cousin of Bilbo Baggins.

Boffin, Griffo

Married Daisy Baggins.

Boffin, Hugo

The husband of Donnamira Took.

Boffin, Jago

The son of Hugo Boffin.

Boffin, Mr.

Lived at Overhill, he was the employer of Halfast Gamgee.

Boffin, Paladin

The father of Peregrin Boffin (2).

Boffin, Peregrin (1)

Also called Trotter. He was the forerunner of Aragorn, performing the function of the Hobbits' guide. He was to be a Hobbit who had left the Shire under Gandalf's influence and became a Ranger. He also wore wooden shoes.

Boffin, Peregrin (2)

A nephew of Frodo Baggins. The name was replaced by Peregrin Took.


One of the 12 Dwarves who went with Thorin II Oakenshield to Erebor. He took part in the Battle of Five Armies which took place during the same time. He was the brother of Bifur and Bombur.


The son of Azog. He ruled the Orcs in Moria after his father was killed by Dain II Ironfoot. He was killed by Beorn in the Battle of Five Armies.


A family of Hobbits in the Shire.

Bolger, Adaldrida

Married Marmadoc Brandybuck. Mother of Gorbadoc and Orgulas Brandybuck and two unmentioned daughters.

Bolger, Bingo

The name of Bingo Bolger-Baggins before he was adopted by Bilbo in an early drafting of The Fellowship of the Rings. The name was later simplified to Bingo Baggins (2).

Bolger, Caramella

In the original genealogy of the Hobbits, she was the favorite remove cousin of Bilbo. The name was later changed to Caramella Took, finally to Caramella Chubb.

Bolger, Estella

Born in 1385 Shire Reckoning (2985 KR), the daughter of Odovacar Bolger. Wife of Meriadoc Brandybuck, and sister of Fredegar Bolger.

Bolger, Fastolph

Married Pansy Baggins.

Bolger, Filibert

Married Poppy Chubb-Baggins.

Bolger, Fosco

An uncle of Bilbo, previously named Rollo Took-Took. He was left a feather-bed in Bilbo's will. He was not named in the published version.

Bolger, Fredegar

Born 1380, son of Odovacar Bolger, and sister of Estella Bolger. Also called Freddy and Fatty, he was the Hobbit who got the house at Crickhollow ready for Frodo Baggins after he left Bag End to the Sackville-Bagginses. He remained at the house after the other Hobbits had left, to inform Gandalf of their departure. He ran from the house upon the attack of the Black Riders and warned the Brandybucks. Was one of the prisoners of Saruman's Men in the Shire.

Bolger, Gundabald

Married Salvia Brandybuck.

Bolger, Hamilcar

Also called Ham, the name was replaced by Fredegar.

Bolger, Odo

The name replaced Odo Took, and he was also called Odo Took-Bolger. He was the forerunner of Peregrin Took.

Bolger, Odovacar

Married Rosamunda Took. Father of Estella and Fredegar Bolger.

Bolger, Ruby

Married Fosco Baggins. Mother of Dora, Drogo and Dudo Baggins.

Bolger, Rudigar

Married Belba Baggins.

Bolger, Wilibald

Married Prisca Baggins.

Bombadil, Tom

The "spirit of the (vanishing) Oxford and Berkshire country" (Letters page 26), he was an intentional enigma in The Lord of the Rings. He was called Iarwain Ben-adar by the Elves, Forn by the Dwarves, and Orald by the Northern Men. He rescued the Hobbits from Old Man Willow in the Old Forest, where he lived with Goldberry, the River Maiden. He destroyed the Barrow-wight that captured the Hobbits. When the Hobbits returned to Bree, Gandalf went to spend time talking with him.


One of the Dwarves who went with Thorin II Oakenshield to Erebor. He took part in the Battle of Five Armies which occurred during the same time. He was the brother of Bifur and Bofur.

Bonfire Glade

A clearing in the Old Forest to which Meriadoc led the Hobbits while taking a shortcut to Crickhollow. The clearing was caused by a great bonfire set by the Hobbits after the Trees attacked the Shire, in order to deter further attacks from the Forest.

Book of Lore

Those Elven-books at Rivendell, translated by Bilbo. Parts of the translations were included in the Red Book.

Book of Lost Tales

A collection of tales told to Ælfwine/Eriol while at Tol Eressëa of the History of the Elves. They were set down by him in a book entitled this.

Book of Mazarbul

The history of the quest of Balin to reclaim Moria. It was found by the Fellowship in the Chamber of Mazarbul, partially destroyed, and lying next to Balin's tomb. Marzabul is translated as 'Records'.

Book of the Kings

The copy of the Thrain's Book, made by Findegil, and finished in 172 Fourth Age. It was kept at Great Smials. It was most likely requested to be written by Peregrin Took's great-grandson. This copy alone contains all of Bilbo's 'Translations from the Elvish'.


The father of Blodrin the traitor. This name replaced Ban.


Leader of a group of Easterlings who served Maedhros. He was the father of Borlad, Borlach and Borthand. Two of his sons later slew the traitors Ulfast and Ulwarth in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad before they themselves were slain. His and Ulfang's house were allied to Maedhros and Maglor.

Border Hills

Translation of Emyn Rhain, they were south of the Green Hills and northwest of the Dead Marshes.


A red star, thought by some to be the present day Mars, or Jupiter.


A Dwarf of Durin's Folk. Son of Náin II and brother of Dain I. Father of Farin. Lived from 2450-2712.


One of the sons of Bór. He was slain in the Nirnaeth Anoediad along with his brothers.


One of the sons of Bór. He was slain in the Nirnaeth Anoediad along with his brothers.

Boromir (1)

The son of Boron and great-grandson of Bëor. He was given the land of Ladros to rule. He was slain in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad.

Boromir (2)

Eleventh Ruling Steward of Gondor. Son of Denethor I, and father of Cirion. He defeated a large number of Orcs from Mordor who took Ithilien and Osgiliath in 2475 and killed his father in 2477. He regained Ithilien, but Osgiliath was ruined and no one dwelt there in following years. He was feared by the Witch-king of Angmar, but received a Morgul-wound in the war against the Orcs, which pained him forever and eventually killed him in 2489.

Boromir (3)

The elder son of Denethor II, born in Third Age 2978. He traveled to Imladris in 3018 in attempt to discover the meaning of Isildur's Bane, and took part in the Council of Elrond. He was chosen to be one of the Nine Walkers. He attempted to take the Ring from Frodo by force, though he later repented. When the Company was attacked in Parth Galen on February 26, 3019, he was killed by many Orc-arrows attempting to save Meriadoc and Peregrin. He was laid on one of the vboats from Lothlórien with his cloven horn and floated down the Rauros to the Sea. One of his father's servants spied the boat, and informed Denethor of his son's death.


The father of Boromir, and the grandson of Bëor.


Another name for Carcharoth.


One of the sons of Bór. He was slain in the Nirnaeth Anoediad along with his brothers.


An early name for Rohan.


Those Hobbits of the Shire employed to patrol the boundaries. They were to keep "outsiders" from enter the Shire.


Family of Hobbits in the Shire.

Bracegirdle, Hilda

Married Seredic Brandybuck. Mother of Doderic, Ilberic and Celandine Brandybuck.

Bracegirdle, Hugo

Was left an empty bookcase in Bilbo's will because he often borrowed books but rarely returned them.

Bracegirdle, Lobelia

Married Otho Sackville-Baggins. Mother of Lotho Sackville-Baggins. Was given Bag End when Frodo left. One of the prisoners of Saruman's Men in the Shire, taken for attacking Men with her umbrella. When she was freed and learned of her son's death, she returned Bag End to Frodo.


Another Gnomish name for the Sun.


Son of Bain and father of Bard II. He became the King of Dale in 3007. Was warned to surrender to Sauron before he was attacked, and the Dwarves under Erebor were afraid he would surrender. He died in the Battle of Dale on March 17, 3019.


Another term for the Bardings.

Brandir (the Lame)

The son of Handir. He fell in love with Níniel when Túrin took her to the house of his father after she had been charmed by Glaurung. He urged her to reject the proposal of marriage by Túrin, though he knew not for what reason. After Túrin left to slay Glaurung and Níniel followed soon after, Brandir went in search of Níniel. He came upon Dorlas in the woods and killed him out of spite. He found Níniel and went with to the Teiglin with her. They discovered Glaurung who, while dying, told Níniel about her life, which he had previously enchanted her to forget. Brandir heard all this, and saw Níniel cast herself into the Teiglin after learning this. He returned to his people and informed them that Túrin, Níniel and Glaurung were dead. When Túrin finally returned, he heard all that Brandir had to say, but thought that it was mere lies contrived out of hate because Túrin had married Níniel, and thus he killed Brandir. This name replaced Tamar.


A family of Hobbits that lived in Buckland, an area outside the borders of the Shire, on the opposite side of the Baranduin River. The original name of the family was Oldbuck, but it was changed when they moved their residence across the Baranduin. In Westron, the name was Brandagamba, referring to their land being the border of the Shire, but Tolkien translated the name as Brandybuck, along with the pun on the Baranduin.

Brandybuck, Amaranth

Born in 1304 SR, son of Gorbadoc Brandybuck. Died in 1398.

Brandybuck, Asphodel

Born in 1313, daughter of Gorbadoc Brandybuck. Married Rufus Burrows. Mother of Milo Burrows, she died in 1412.

Brandybuck, Berilac

Born in 1380, son of Marimac Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Celandine

Born in 1394, son of Seredic Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Dinodas

Son of Gorbadoc Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Doderic

Born in 1389, son of Seredic Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Dodinas

Son of Gorbadoc Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Gorbadoc

Born in 1260 SR, son of Marmadoc Brandybuck. Called Broadbelt. Married Mirabella Took and fathered Rorimac, Amaranth, Saradas, Dodinas, Asphodel, Dinodas and Primula Brandybuck. Owner of Brandy Hall in Drogo Baggins' time, and was Drogo's father-in-law. Drogo was staying at Brandy Hall with his wife as guests of Gorbadoc when Drogo and his wife Primula fell into the Brandywine, making Frodo an orphan. Gorbadoc died in 1363 SR.

Brandybuck, Gorbulas

Born in 1308 SR, son of Orgulas Brandybuck. Father of Marmadas Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Gormadoc

Born in 1134, called Deepdelver. Married Malva Headstrong, fathered Madoc, Sadoc and Marroc Brandybuck. Gormadoc died in 1236 SR.

Brandybuck, Ilberic

Born in 1391, son of Seredic Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Madoc

Born in 1175, son of Gormadoc Brandybuck. Called Proudneck. He married Hanna Goldworthy and fathered Marmadoc Brandybuck. Madoc died in 1277.

Brandybuck, Marimac

Born in 1342, son of Rorimac Brandybuck. Father of Berilac Brandybuck, he died in 1430.

Brandybuck, Marmadas

Born in 1343, son of Gorbulas Brandybuck. Father of Merimas, Mentha and Melilot Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Marmadoc

Born in 1217, son of Madoc Brandybuck. Called Masterful. Married Adaldrida Bolger, he fathered Gorbadoc and Orgulas Brandybuck in addition to 2 daughters who are not named. He died in 1310 SR.

Brandybuck, Marroc

Son of Gormadoc Brandybuck. All that is written of him is that he had many descendants, none of whom are named.

Brandybuck, Melilot

Born in 1385, son of Marmadas Brandybuck. One of those who attended Bilbo's Farewell Party. He danced the Springle-ring on the tables with Everard Took during the speech.

Brandybuck, Mentha

Born in 1383, son of Marmadas Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Meriadoc

Born in 1382 Shire Reckoning (2982 King's Reckoning), he was the son of Saradoc Brandybuck and Esmeralda Took. He was one of the Nine Walkers chosen to accompany the Ringbearer at the request of Gandalf who felt he would be of some use. Was taken captive with Peregrin in Parth Galen by the Orcs and escaped the fight of the Orcs and Rohirrim. He befriended Treebeard and accompanied the Ents at the destruction of Isengard. Became the squire of King Theoden. He wounded the Lord of the Nazgûl by thrusting his sword into the King's knee so that Éowyn could slay him. Was given a horn by Éowyn at their parting, which he used to rouse the Shire against Saruman's Men. He married Estella Bolger, and was called the Magnificent. He was later named Master of Buckland. In 1484 (3084 KR), he went with King Éomer and Peregrin the Thain to Gondor to live out the rest of their days. He was buried in Rath Dínen among the great of Gondor. Their tombs were placed next to that of King Elessar when, in 3151 KR, Legolas and Gimli passed over the Sea.

Brandybuck, Merimas

Born in 1381 SR, son of Marmadas Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Orgulas

Born in 1268, son of Marmadoc Brandybuck. Father of Gorbulas Brandybuck.

Brandybuck, Primula

Born in 1320 SR, daughter of Gorbadoc Brandybuck. Married Drogo Baggins. Was the mother of Frodo Baggins. Drowned in the Baranduin River while staying at Brandy Hall with her husband, leaving Frodo an orphan.

Brandybuck, Rorimac

Born in 1302, son of Gorbadoc Brandybuck. Called Old Rory, he married Menegilda Goold. Fathered Saradoc and Marimac Brandybuck. Was at Bilbo's Farewell Party with his daughter-in-law Esmeralda Took. He was given a dozen bottles of Old Winyards in Bilbo's will. He died in 1408.

Brandybuck, Sadoc

Born in 1179 SR, son of Gormadoc Brandybuck. Father of Salvia Brandybuck, in addition to 2 sons.

Brandybuck, Salvia

Born in 1226 SR, daughter of Sadoc Brandybuck, she married Gundabald Bolger.

Brandybuck, Saradas

Born in 1308, son of Gorbadoc Brandybuck. Father of Seredic Brandybuck, he died in 1407.

Brandybuck, Saradoc

Born in 1340, son of Rorimac Brandybuck. Called Scattergold, he married Esmeralda Took. Father of Meriadoc Brandybuck, he died in 1432.

Brandybuck, Seredic

Born in 1348 SR, son of Saradas Brandybuck. Married Hilda Bracegirdle and fathered Doderic, Ilberic and Celandine Brandybuck.

Brandywine Bridge

Bridge over the Brandywine (Baranduin) River. Led from the Shire to Buckland.

Bredhil the Blessed

Gnomish name for Varda. Also Bridhil.


A town at the crossroads of the Greenway and the East-West Road in Eriador. There Men and Hobbits dwelt together, the only place where such a condition existed. Bree-hill refers to the hill against which the town was built, or the general town area itself. Bree-land refers to the lands around Bree, including Archet and Combe.


Means Quickbeam in Westron. The most hasty Ent, who made up his mind to fight Saruman before the Entmoot, so he kept Peregrin and Meriadoc company.


Born in 2512 TA, son of Eorl. Father of Baldor and Aldor. The second King of the Mark, ruling from 2512-2570. Drove the Easterlings out of the Wold, where his father fell in battle. He completed the Golden Hall of Meduseld in 2569. Died of grief for Baldor in 2570.


Originally, it was written that he was born First Age 100, son of Bëor, and that he was killed in the Dagor Bragollach in 155 FA. However, when Tolkien changed the Seige of Angband to last from FA 51 to FA 255, he also changed the Bregolas' relations in the House of Bëor. After the revision, he was born in FA 200 and died in FA 255, and was the son of Bregor.


A Man added to the House of Bëor when J.R.R. Tolkien changed the Siege of Angband to last from FA 51 to FA 255. He was the father of Bregolas and Barahir.


Old English for 'Vala.'

Brethil, Forest of

Forest in which Túrin dwelt after the sack of Nargothrond. Here lived the people of Haleth. This people made their last stand in the Forest during the Nirnaeth Arnoediad, and of those few who survived, fewer still returned to their home.

Bridge Inn

The house just near the Baranduin where travelers could stay. It was torn down by Saruman, and in its place was erected a Shirrifs' post.

Bridge of Esgalduin

See Iant Iaur.

Bridge of Heaven

Also called Ilwaren, meaning 'Rainbow.' It was constructed by Manwë by dipping a hair of Vána in Kulullín. It is the Bridge by which any of the Valar could travel to any point in Arda.

Bridge(s) of Ice

The Helcaraxe.

Bridge of Khazad-dûm

Slender bridge across a deep pit in Moria, used by the Dwarves as a defence-mechanism, due to the fact that it could only be crossed in single-file. Gandalf came face-to-face with the Balrog there, and broke it with his staff after the others of the Fellowship had crossed, casting them both into the pit. Also called Durin's Bridge.

Bridge of Stonebows

Built by the Dúnedain in their days of power in Arnor over the Baranduin. Marcho and Blanco (of the Fallohides) led a group of Hobbits over the Bridge and founded the Shire in 1610 TA.


A place in the Eastfarthing of the Shire where the Bolger family came from.


A Gnomish name for Varda. Also called Bridhil the Blessed and Brildhil Queen of Stars.

Brilthor, River

Means 'Glittering Torrent'. Originally the fifth (from the north) tributary of the River Gelion in Ossiriand. It later became the fourth when the River Duilwen was moved further south.


The land from which Ælfwine/Eriol came to Tol Eressëa. It is also said in the Ælfwine/Eriol story that Britain was Tol Eressëa. It was also called Luthany, Lúthien and Leithien. The north-west of Middle-earth was shaped to be Britain. After the Valar destroyed Utumno, many of the Elves left Middle-earth, but of those that stayed, most dwelt in the British Isles.


The ford over Sirion north of the Forest of Brethil.


The northern of the Havens of Falas, the other being Eglarest, on the western coast of Middle-earth. Both were ruled by Círdan the Shipwright. Both the cities were destroyed after the Nirnaeth Arnoediad.

Brithon, River

A river in West Beleriand. The Haven of Brithombar was at its mouth.


Invaders of Tol Eressëa in the story of Ælfwine/Eriol.


Can perhaps be likened to Rôs, the capital of Tol Eressëa in the Ælfwine/Eriol story.


The original name for Beleriand.

Broceliande, Forest of

Later renamed Broseliand.


The family name of a group Hobbits of the Shire.


The lord of the ruined lands where Túrin dwelt as a young boy. At a feast in his own house, he was slain by Túrin in anger for the destruction of his homeland. He was the husband of Aerin, a kinswoman of Morwen, Túrin's mother.


The father of Littleheart, an Elf at Tol Eressëa at the telling of the History to Ælfwine/Eriol. This is the Gnomish name for Voronwë, who led Túrin to Gondolin. This name was earlier Bronwë.

Brook of Glass

A brook near Tavrobel.


An early name for Beleriand. When the Forest of Broseliand (Broceliande) is referred to, it is unknown which forest of Beleriand is meant.

Brósings, Necklace of the

Means the Necklace of the 'sons of Fëanor', in Old English, since the Old English name for Fëanor is Finbros. This refers to the Nauglafring.

Brown and Green Elves of the Wood

The Solosimpi, later the Teleri, who dwelt mainly in Ossiriand.

Brown Elves

The Solosimpi. See Green Elves.

Brown Lands

The old gardens of the Entwives which were destroyed in the battle at the end of the Second Age on the Dagorlad.

Brown, Lily

Married Tolman Cotton. Mother of Tolman, Rose, Wilcomne, Bowman and Carl Cotton.

Brownlock, Gilly

Married Posco Baggins. Mother of Ponto, Porto and Peony Baggins.

Bruinen River

The river originating in the Misty Mountains and flowing by Rivendell. The Ford of Bruinen crosses over the River near Rivendell. The 9 Black Riders were swept downstream by a flood in the River after catching up with the Hobbits at the Ford en route to Rivendell. Also called the Loudwater.


An early name for the father of Fëanor, called such by Manwë. He was slain when Melkor fled after destroying the Two Trees and took the Silmarils from Bruithwir's keeping. Also called Felegron, though his name became Finwë in The Silmarillion.


Eleventh King of the Mark, ruling from 2752-2842. Son of Fréaláf Hildeson, and father of Walda. Called Léofa because he was loved by all and helped the needy. In the North, there was war with the Orcs, who sought refuge in the White Mountains. At the time of his death it was thought that all Orcs were killed.


Became the first Thain of the Shire in 1979 TA. Called Bucca of the Marish.

Buck Hill

The hill in which Brandy Hall was built.


The land of the Shire where the Brandybucks dwelt. It was located to the east of the River Baranduin and bordered the Old Forest on its eastern side.


A town near Brandy Hall, it gave its name to the Ferry crossing the Baranduin.


A town in Bridgefields from which the Bolgers came.

Bunce, Mimosa

Married Ponto Baggins. Mother of Rosa and Polo Baggins.


A Dwarvish name for Fanuidhol the Grey in the Misty Mountains. Translated as Cloudyhead.


Spelling of the intonation made by Treebeard when talking of the Orcs.

Burning Briar

Also called the Sickle of the Gods or the Seven Stars, it refers to the constellation named the Great Bear. These stars were the first made, created accidentally when Aulë threw down his hammer, striking several ingots of silver, which sent sparks flying into the sky. This influenced Varda to attempt to create more stars of the same brightness, but she never achieved this. It is falsely thought that Varda created these stars first as a welcome for the Elves, who awoke at this time. It is also a sign of the doom of Melko.


A family of Hobbits dwelling in the Shire.

Burrows, Milo

born in 1347, son of Rufus Burrows. Married Peony Baggins and fathered Mosco, Moro, Myrtle and Minto Burrows. He was given a gold pen and ink-bottle in Bilbo's will because he never answered letters.

Burrows, Minto

Born in 1396, son of Milo Burrows.

Burrows, Moro

Born in 1391, son of Milo Burrows.

Burrows, Mosco

Born in 1387, son of Milo Burrows.

Burrows, Myrtle

Born in 1393, son of Milo Burrows.

Burrows, Rufus

Married Asphodel Brandybuck and fathered Milo Burrows.

Butterbur, Barliman

Owner of The Prancing Pony at Bree. Tom Bombadil told Frodo to visit his inn. He let the Hobbits spend the night in his inn, though he knew Frodo by the name of Mr. Underhill. He was earlier given a letter by Gandalf to be given to Frodo. He allowed the Hobbits to spend the night at his inn again when they were returning to the Shire.


A place in the Shire. The site of the Battle of Bywater.